The Emergence of Fascism

 

1.      Fascism as a political philosophy

                    - definition of fascism

                    - characterized by extreme nationalism

                    - anti-democratic

                    - militaristic

                    - Nazism as a variant of fascism

 

2.      The emergence of fascism in Italy

                    - roots of fascism

                              - discontent after World War I

                              - problems of governance

           

                    - the rise of Benito Mussolini

                             - promises of strength and unity

                             - the return to tradition

 

                    - the establishment of a fascist dictatorship

                             - democratic election

                             - the undermining of democracy

 

3.      German Nazism

 

                    - roots of Nazism

                             - resentment after WWI

                             - the failures of the Weimar Republic

                             - hyper inflation

                             - problems of governance

                             - political gridlock

 

                    - The Great Depression

                             - unemployment

                             - loss of faith in democracy

 

                   - the rise of Adolph Hitler

                             - promises of strength and greatness

                             - return to traditional gender roles

    

                     the Nazi seizure of power

                             - democratic election (1932)

                             - the undermining of democracy

                             - the burning of the Reichstag

                             - the Enabling Act (1933)