This preparation outline is for a persuasive speech that is organized according to Monre's Motivated Sequence. See chapter 9 in Zarefsky for more help with outlining.
General Purpose: To persuade my audience to take action
Specific Purpose: To persuade and motivate my audience to write to their public officials urging them to support the crime legislation currently before Congress.
Central Idea: The growing problem of crime on campus threatens student safety and weakens the fabric of campus society; however, the proposed crime bill currently before Congress will deter crime and make this campus safer for all of us.
Organizational Pattern: Monroe's Motivated Sequence
I. Campus crime is increasing.
A. Last month my car stereo was stolen.
B. Recent statistics suggest a dramatic increase in crime in recent years.
C. The odds are great that someone you know will be the victim of crime.
II. After examining the growing problem of crime on this campus, I will show you that the crime bill currently before Congress can help.
(Transition: According to the police chief, 49% of all crime in this area involves students as victims.)
I. Increasing campus crime is a problem that affects you.
A. Crime undermines personal security and safety.
1. Criminals can steal your belongings.
a. Todd is an example.
b. Amy an example.
c. Statistics show car theft is increasing.
2. Criminals can hurt or kill you.
a. Mary is an example.
b. Sam is an example.
c. Statistics show armed assault is increasing.
(Internal preview: Not only does crime undermine your personal security and safety, but it also undermines your ability to control your life and your sense of justice and weakens the fabric of society.)
B. Crime undermines your ability to control your life.
C. Crime undermines your sense of justice.
D. Crime weakens the fabric of society.
1. Citizens become scared and nervous.
a. As a result of my experience I am scared.
b. Studies of victims show great amounts of fear compared to non-victims of crime.
2. Citizens lose trust for their neighbors.
a. A woman in Michigan shot her neighbor.
b. A Gallup poll shows decrease since 1975 in the amount people trust their neighbors.
(Transition: As you can see, crime affects you by undermining your personal safety and security, undermining your ability to control your life, undermining your sense of justice, and weakening the fabric of society. Members of Congress have proposed four specific steps that can be taken to control crime so you won't have to worry as much about becoming a victim. The first of these involves the use of technology.)
II. The crime bill contains four steps to help prevent crime.
A. First, computer technology can be used to develop better databases about criminals.
B. Second, the number of police officers on the street can be increased.
C. Third, laws can be enacted to compensate victims of crime.
D. Finally, penalties can be increased for the most serious offenders.
(Transition: If this crime legislation is passed, you and all the other students on campus will benefit in four very important ways.)
I. Crime is increasing, and this affects you.
II. This crime increase can be stopped.
III. You need to support this crime legislation.
A. Urge your public officials to support the legislation.
B. Urge five other people to write letters doing the same.